Z-track method is used in all intramuscular injections with the exception of vaccinations. It is commonly taught that this is to reduce pain and to ensure all the medication is delivered into the muscular tissue. This project analyzes studies and medical articles to determine if this is the truth or if abstaining from using the Z-track method is indicated.
Seward, Seth; Buchanan, Brooke; Schmied, Anna; and Leonard, Trevor, "The Efficacy of the Z-Track Method for Intramuscular Injections and Analysis of Z-Track" (2021). Spring Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry. 153.