The research question that is being asked is, are newborns, who are delivered vaginally, that have their umbilical cord clamped immediately after birth at a disadvantage for improved health benefits compared to newborns who received delayed cord clamping? Delayed cord clamping is a procedure performed after the baby is born in which healthcare providers delay clamping the umbilical cord in order to allow blood from the placenta to be transferred into the newborn. Delayed cord clamping is performed 25 seconds to 5 minutes after birth. The study used gathered data from 9 university hospitals in 4 different countries and involved 474 participants that were randomly chosen to either receive delayed cord clamping or immediate cord clamping. The benefits to delayed cord clamping involve the increase of red blood cells and overall neonatal blood volume as well as the decreased risk of iron deficiency anemia. The risks associated with delayed cord clamping include polycythemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and respiratory distress. Delayed cord clamping after 3 minutes of life is associated with better hemoglobin levels and a lesser incidence of anemia at 8 months of life. There is a lack of research that determines the effects of delayed cord clamping on full term infants.
Drake, Aydan and Mawyer, Kelsey, "The Comparison Between Delayed Cord Clamping and Immediate Cord Clamping on Fetal Outcomes" (2020). Fall Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry. 29.