Periodization and the Annual Training Cycle: Effects on Anaerobic Power and Capacity in Division I Female Soccer Athletes
Seasonal variations in sprint speed, jumping power and repeated-sprint capacity have been shown to occur throughout an annual training cycle. However, how these changes in power and anaerobic capacity throughout the calendar year affect the maintenance of power and anaerobic capacity over the competitive season for Division I female soccer athletes, is not currently known. The aim of this study was to observe the changes in anaerobic power and capacity over the annual training cycle in collegiate female soccer athletes. Multiple anaerobic power tests were performed on fourteen Division I female soccer athletes (Mean ± SD: 19.4 ± 1.04yrs; 60.8 ± 5.4kg; 164.9 ± 6.2cm; 19.5 ± 3.2%BF; 48.9 ± 3.9kg FFM) at five specific time points throughout the 2016-2017 training calendar. Anaerobic power testing consisted of the countermovement vertical jump (CMJ) for vertical power (VPWR), the 40-yard sprint for horizontal power (HPWR). The 35-meter running anaerobic sprint test (RAST) was also used to measure peak horizontal power (RASTppwr), average horizontal power (RASTapwr), and anaerobic capacity (fINDX). Two 5x5 repeated measures ANOVAs (absolute and relative power) were used to observe changes in values across the five testing blocks. Post-hoc LSD pairwise comparisons were used when significant interactions occurred. The overall relative power statistical analyses revealed significant changes in anaerobic performance across the annual training calendar (p
Brown, Lindsay, "Periodization and the Annual Training Cycle: Effects on Anaerobic Power and Capacity in Division I Female Soccer Athletes" (2018). Longwood Senior Theses. 27.
Faculty Advisors: Dr. Kyle Levers, Dr. Troy Purdom
Contributing Students: Chase McPherson, Jacob Giles, and Patrick Martin