Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Liberal Studies

First Advisor

Christopher Jones, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Peggy Tarpley, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Stephen C. Keith, Ph.D.


What exactly is effective instruction? This heavily debated question is still at forefront of educational reform. Many factors contribute to effective instruction in the classroom, but it is critical to define effective instruction prior to describing its components. To understand the concept of effective instruction we must operationally define effective instruction as summarized by Rosenshine and Berliner (1978). they viewed effective instruction as those teacher characteristics that had a positive relationship on student achievement. We know that providing students with the most effective instruction will lead to an increase in student academic achievement. We also know these characteristics can be found in instructional programs such as Direct Instruction (DI). One area of concern is the effects that effective instruction has on the student school behavior.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.