Date of Award


Degree Type

Honors Paper


Visual and Performing Arts


With the 1908 exhibition of "The Eight" (Robert Henri, A. B. Davies, Maurice Prendergast , George Luks, John Sloan, Everett Shinn, Ernest Lawson, and George Bellows) at William MacBeth's New York gallery, American art received new inspiration . Ac ademicism was repressed and originality and artistic freedom were encouraged . Under Robert Henri's leadership, a new American outlook had developed. Paintings began to report individual views of life in America and describe the realities of life in the new century. Life in modern America became the new subject of art, as artists became commentators on human interest scenes.

Lue Osborne and Cordray Simmons lived and painted in the American art center of the early 20th century--New York City. With such artists as Thomas Hart Benton, Stuart Davis, Charles DeMuth, John Sloan, William Glackens, Arshil e Gorky , Adolph Gottlieb , Guy Pene DuBois, Kenneth Hayes Miller , and Edward Hopper , Lue and Cordray exhibit d successfully at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Whitney Museum, the Corcoran Gallery of Art, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. They have never been examined in-depth before, and it is a goal of this paper to explore their lives and work and bring to attention Lue and Cordray's discovery of a true synthetic paint medium.

Included in

Painting Commons



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