Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Liberal Studies

First Advisor

Ruth L. Meese, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Linda R. Tennison, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Patty Whitfield, Ph.D.


The study was conducted to determine if differences exist in bullying behavior between elementary and middle school students. The sample consisted of 192 children: 57 third graders, 29 girls and 28 boys; 40 fourth graders, 26 girls and 14 boys; 47 seventh graders, 20 girls and 27 boys; and 48 eighth graders, 26 girls and 22 boys . A rural school district in central Virginia was used. A likert scale survey containing 10 questions was administered to determine the perceptions children hold regarding fear of bullying, the number of bullying experiences, why children are bullied, and what adults do or can do when bullying occurs. A chi square was conducted. However, only three items (i .e., "teacher s pet,'' smaller/younger/weaker, and physical or learning disability) showed a statistically significant level . A correlation between number of friends and number of bullying experiences found a significant relationship between a low number of friends and a high number of bullying experiences.



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