Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Liberal Studies

First Advisor

Ruth L. Meese, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Frank J. Howe, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Linda Tennison, Ph.D.


The purpose of this research was to study the perceptions of teachers of students with emotional and behavioral disorders in the Virginia public schools on the topic of physical restraints in the classroom, and to determine training and policies regarding physical restraints that the schools are providing . These areas were studied through a survey of 104 EBD teachers from Virginia school districts. The questionnaire consisted of demographic information and ten likert scale statements reflecting perceptions of physical intervention. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. In addition, a Chi Square and an ANOVA were computed. Concerns that developed from the results were that many EBD teachers felt that they were not well trained in the use of physical restraints . In addition many schools did not have a policy regarding physical restraints .



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