Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science

First Advisor

Peggy L. Tarpley, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Christopher D. Jones, M.S.

Third Advisor

Ruth L. Meese, Ph.D.


The purpose of this research was to complete an historical comparison of behavior patterns exhibited by students at a small rural middle school in Southside, Virginia during the 2000-2001, and the current 2001-2002 academic years. In addition, the research includes components of the effects of a non-direct instruction classroom versus a direct instruction classroom environment on such behavior patterns. All students' discipline records in grades 6 through 8 were evaluated for the study. The numbers of referrals written on individual students were considered in addition to the types of referrals written.



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